In South Africa it is usually referred to simply as ‘spinach’. Find spinach plant stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. They are black in the wild plant, and white in the domesticated form. These may be referred to as "African... Spider Flower Leaves. Spinach seedlings sown in spring. Leaves are … Healthier and fresher Water spinach plants are cultivated in the … Key Words: aquaponics, plant density, survival rate, specific growth rate, catfish ... oxygen, and bacteria. For instance, it can be used to treat symptoms of pile, diarrhea and dysentary. Spinach, Spinacia oleracea, is a leafy herbaceous annual plant in the family Amaranthaceae grown for its leaves which are used as a vegetable. Lg ChocolateTartiflette RecipeChile PoblanoGrey TeaSauce RecipesQuesoEasyPumpkinIce Cream Roast Chicken with Pan Gravy Make a furrow in the soil 1/2-inch deep with a trowel. Native: Introduced: Both: Absent/Unreported ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Add limestone to the soil to manually adjust pH levels. African Spinach is dark green leafy vegetables found in most African countries specifically in the western part of Africa, African Spinach is also known as Efo-tete in Yoruba language, African Spinach is a perennial herb and available in Lagos area market all year round as expected, it is in great abundance during the rainy season,and its botanically name is “Amaranthus hybridus, Family Amaranthaceae”. Check the seed catalog or contact the seed supplier for more … Water the plants regularly. Water spinach frequently to keep the soil moist; this also helps keep it cool during hot weather. Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. You can also grow spinach in the shade cast by taller vegetable plants and near plants that will begin spreading out as the spinach finishes its season, such as pole beans and corn. SI-BAE Annual Report #30 p.87, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranthus_cruentus&oldid=982605038, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 05:31. 3.2 Red Carnival: ‘Red Cardinal’ showcases red veins in the leaves and has deep red stems. The plant can grow up to 2 m (6 ft) in height, and blooms in summer to fall. It commonly occurs where temperatures are fairly high. Morogo or Moroho, also known as African spinach, refers to a group of at least three different dark green leafy vegetables found throughout Southern Africa [cowpea, vegetable amaranth, or spider flower] and harvested for human consumption.  The leaves can be cooked like spinach, and the seeds can be germinated into nutritious sprouts. & Denton, O.A. The spinach plants will be semi-dormant during the darker months, requiring infrequent watering and no fertilization. Spinach prefers a well-draining soil with a neutral pH and won't be happy at a pH lower than 6.0. The volume describes the characteristics of 18 little-known indigenous African vegetables (including tubers and legumes) that have potential as food- and cash-crops but are typically overlooked by scientists and policymakers and in the world at large. While A. cruentus is no longer a staple food in North and Central America, it is still grown and sold as a health food. Spinach can thrive in a wide temperature range of between 5°C and 25°C but does best at 14°C to 18°C. Smooth, round leaves on upright, compact plants. Updated on 4 July 2019. Water spinach plants are known to be effective in absorbing nutrients in water and can reduce up to 58% of nitrogen waste in fish farming (Setijaningsih & Suryaningrum 2015). While Swiss chard … How to Grow African Spinach 1. Numerous cultivars have been developed, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit: Amaranthus cruentus 'Oeschberg' flowerhead, Amaranthus cruentus 'Foxtail' flower closeup. The plant is usually green in color, but a purple variant was once grown for use in Inca rituals. African Spinach African spinach is botanically called Amaranthus hybridus. It’s good raw, but dissolves into mush when cooked. Use flood irrigation, a sprinkler, a watering can, a hosepipe or drip irrigation.  A separate study asserts that Morogo is not a natural host to Fusarium, but may be cross-infected by close proximity to maize crops. Seedlings can also be sown in seed trays and planted out when grown to ten centimeters. , English = Pigweed Afrikaans Hanekam Scientifically =, Cookbook: English = Pigweed Afrikaans Hanekam Scientifically =, Conservation and utilization of indigenous vegetables in Botswana, The occurrence of toxogenic moulds in traditional household Morogo of Giyana, The level of mycotic and mycotoxigenic Fusaria in traditional morogo and the agro-environment of Dikgale Demographic Surveillance Site, "Astronomic gastronomic menu for big bash", "How healthy is traditional morogo in Africa", "Linolenic acid and folate in wild-growing African dark leafy vegetables (morogo)", "The occurrence of toxogenic moulds in traditional household Morogo of Giyana", "The level of mycotic and mycotoxigenic Fusaria in traditional morogo and the agro-environment of Dikgale Demographic Surveillance Site", "Conservation and utilization of indigenous vegetables in Botswana", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Morogo&oldid=990300726, Articles with dead external links from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 22:59. Unknown 27 October 2018 at 20:25. spinach General Information; Symbol: SPOL Group: Dicot Family: Chenopodiaceae Duration: Annual: Growth Habit: Forb/herb: Native Status: AK I CAN I L48 I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. New Zealand Spinach has crisp, succulent leaves that melt in your mouth as you bite down on them. Once longer daylight hours trigger growth in late winter, provide water-soluble fertilizer and care for the growing spinach as you would at other times of year. The plant can grow up to 2 m (6 ft) in height, and blooms in summer to fall. They are ground into flour, popped like popcorn, cooked into a porridge, or made into a confectionery called alegría. The fungus is soil-borne and seed-borne. It can live in the soil indefinitely and rotation is not effective in its control. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. This species was in use as a food source in North America and Central America as early as 4000 BC. Whether you wrinkle up your nose at the sight of a green leaf or buy a jumbo bag every week, these recipes will … All vegetables have many health benefits and the Okazi Leaf is no exception! A study found high levels of Alternaria fungi in internal leaf structures and Fusarium fungi on leaf surfaces. Direct sowing is used and thinning can take place to ensure the correct spacing. Longevity spinach originates from the tropical regions of China, Southeast Asia, and Africa. Spinach thrives in slightly alkaline soil with a pH between 6.5 and 7.5. It is considered a traditional South African dish and forms an important part of the staple diet in rural communities. Spinach has been found effective in reducing cell division in human stomach and skin cancer cells. Grow them in the summer, when common spinach can’t take the heat. Amaranthus cruentus is a flowering plant species that yields the nutritious staple amaranth grain. ... Plants can be affected any time after the three-leaf stage. The seeds are eaten as a cereal grain. The plants need 1 to 1 … Some varieties are more cold tolerant than others. Morogo leaves have a protein content of up to 36%. An example of these come from the amaranth family and the plants are often mistaken as weeds. Because of its origins is best adapted to grow in warmer climates. If the acidity drops below 6.0, the spinach plant's leaves and stems may turn yellow. Emperor Spinach | This spinach variety are semi-Savoy types of spinach. Who knew spinach could taste so good? Geographical distribution of Spinach in Africa. Sow the fine black seeds sparsely in the furrow, covering them... 3. The plant is usually green in color, but a purple variant was once grown for use in Inca rituals. Healthier and fresher Lettuce and water spinach plants are cultivated in the hydroponic method. The plant does not cope with excessive cold below 5°C or heat above 30°C. This underexploited leafy vegetable is easy to plant, grows in most climates and soils, withstands drought and heat, has few problems with pests and disease, is easy to prepare, highly nutritious and tastes good, and produces … Malabar Spinach (Basella alba) and New Zealand Spinach (Tetragonia tetragonoides) are two heat-tolerant leafy greens that are similar to common spinach. Planting Method. Water . Reply Delete.  Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. They are tasty and commonly used to make a delicious salad. Among the Zuni people, the feathery part of plant ground into a fine meal and used to color ceremonial bread red. SPINACH (Spinacia oleracea) Because greengrocers often label Swiss chard as spinach, it’s easy to mix them up. This spinach plant takes less time to turn into seeds therefore fast in bolting. Grubben, G.J.H. Celosia argentea, or Lagos spinach may be the “prettiest of all vegetable crops,” but like many of the plants cultivated for food in parts of tropical Africa, it’s more than just a pretty face. Vegetables. Amaranthus cruentus is a tall annual herb topped with clusters of dark pink flowers. Efo riro (Nigerian Spinach Stew) is a mouthwatering, savory, African stew made with 'Efo Shoko' (Lagos spinach) or 'Efo Tete' (African spinach). The ultimate vitamin content is dependent on the age of the plant and method of preparation; the plants contain vitamin A and vitamin C and complement the low levels of calcium, magnesium and iron in maize.  The crushed leaves and blossoms are also moistened and rubbed on cheeks as rouge.. A product of You may like to read about how to grow spinach in pots. Nitrogen and … Healthier and fresher Water spinach plants are cultivated in the hydroponic method. Other greens come from naturally occurring foliage or shrubs. Types of African Leafy Greens African Greens. It grows as a warm season annual in most parts of Australia. A. cruentus is cultivated as an ornamental plant, valued for its feather-like flowering plumes. Spinach plant of 25th days in winter season December month. Spinach plants in garden. Efo igbo, efo tete efo yanrin, ego shoko etc. Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. Spinach 'Spinacea oleracea' crew harvesting. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants … This spinach plant has deep green leaves and long stem that are easy the bunching process. It is one of three Amaranthus species cultivated as a grain source, the other two being Amaranthus hypochondriacus and Amaranthus caudatus. Many people will... African Spinach. In the garden though, the two are very different. In Mexico, it is called huautli (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈwawtli] and alegría ([aleˈɣɾi.a] and in English it has several common names, including blood amaranth, red amaranth, purple amaranth, prince's feather, and Mexican grain amaranth. study suggests further research on the optimal ratio of African catfish and spinach plants that are more specific. Higher temperatures slow down the growth. Foliage loses its green luster, gradually wilts and turns yellow, beginning with the oldest leaves. Malabar Spinach needs a lot of summer heat and a trellis to climb on to reach its true potential—a 10’ (3 m) vine! This report is the second in a series of three evaluating underexploited African plant resources that could help broaden and secure Africa's food supply. In addition to spinach, there are other leafy plants that have a similar flavour and health benefits. Although the plant can survive short bouts of frost it is not completely resistant to it. If your soil is low in magnesium, add dolomitic limestone to raise pH. They have a medium growth rate with a harvest period of 26 days. Chard (Beta vulgaris) is also known as ‘Swiss chard’, ‘silver beet’, ‘mangold’ and other names. Lagos Spinach – Also known as Soko or Efo Shoko, this mild tasting leafy green has many health benefits. If your summers are hot enough to grow yard-long beans, Malabar Spinach is a good … African greens are vast in variety and come from different orders of the plant kingdom. Turn the soil with a shovel and rake it smooth to provide a... 2. In Kerala, it is called chuvanna cheera ("ചുവന്ന ചീര") or commonly, cheera ("ചീര"). Morogo or Moroho, also known as African spinach, refers to a group of at least three different dark green leafy vegetables found throughout Southern Africa [cowpea, vegetable amaranth, or spider flower] and harvested for human consumption. Easy to follow step by step instruction guiding you how to grow spinach from seed. The stem is used in curry made with vaal hyacinth bean. 3.1 Space Spinach: When compared to most smooth-leaved varieties ‘Space Spinach’ is slower to bolt. Mechanical planting is done as well to ensure correct spacing at planting. Alternative Spinach Varieties (Click IMAGE to Enlarge). Irrigating spinach growing in seed beds in Southern Africa Spinach ‘Fiorano’ F1 Hybrid, Spinacia oleracea plants. Seeds should be planted 20 mm deep. In South Africa one of the varieties is known as "pigweed" in English, "hanekam" in Afrikaans and scientifically, Amaranthus sp. It makes a great addition to a salad, but it bolts faster than any green-leafed spinach and hence must be harvested young. It is an important crop for subsistence farmers in Africa.. Seedlings growing in our home`s land in December Farmers hand plant a young Chaiya tree cuttings Tree spinach or Mexican Kale in a special black bag for seedlings. Unlike spinach, they don’t go to seed as quickly in hot weather and continue to provide greens almost year round. Spinach is a proudly African online market that connects buyers and sellers of fresh produce and plants. Lagos spinach (Celosia argentea; a.k.a. Stevenson, Matilda Coxe 1915 Ethnobotany of the Zuni Indians. African Spinach – African Spinach (Amaranthus cruentus) is a perennial herb used as a leafy vegetable in a number of Nigerian dishes. Soil . quail grass, soko, celosia, feather cockscomb) is a low-maintenance broadleaf annual crop that will grow with minimal effort and resources. , However, in some circumstances Morogo may increase the risk of fungal infection, specifically fusariosis, especially among immunocompromised individuals such as those suffering from Aids. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Spinach contains a high content of nitrite that helps in preventing … In Maharashtra, it is called shravani maath ("श्रावणी माठ") or rajgira ("राजगिरा"). Ceylon Spinach or Malabar Greens is an easily grown vine from tropical Asia and Africa. It is usually grown from seed as a half-hardy annual, that is sown under glass in early Spring and planted out in summer. Celosia argentea is used as an ornamental in gardens worldwide, but it is not often planted for food outside of West Africa. Amaranthus cruentus is a tall annual herb topped with clusters of dark pink flowers. Grown much like other amaranth plants, these mild-tasting greens are very nutritious. It is considered a traditional South African dish and forms an important part of the staple diet in rural communities.. In Maharashtra, during month of Shravan, a stir-fried vegetable with just grated coconut is served during festivals. Prepare a sunny garden area where the seeds will grow. It is believed to have originated from Amaranthus hybridus, with which it shares many morphological features. … An examination of three widely consumed variants have found that its consumption may lower the risk of vascular-related chronic diseases and type 2 diabetes. The spinach plant has simple leaves which stem from the center of the plant and measure about 2–30 cm (0.8–12.0 in) long and 1 to 15 cm (0.4–6.0 in) across. VEGETABLE GROWING WESTERN CAPE SOUTH AFRICA. It is believed to have originated from Amaranthus hybridus, with which it shares many morphological features. Rows at the University of Alaska Fairbanks botanical gardens Lettuce and water spinach plants are cultivated in the hydroponic method. By nature, it does best in a warm, tropical climate. The variations found in most batches of spinach can be seen here.
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